How To Calculate Debt To Equity Ratio

Get the best Credit Tips at Credit Visionary

A business’s capital structure could include equity and financial obligation. Debt equity ratio is made use of to measure the percentage where financial obligation and equity has actually been made use of by the business to finance its assets. While choosing the mode of obtaining/raising funds with equity or debt, a business has to consider the benefits and expenses connected with each mode.

In case of financial obligation, a company has to pay interest on the quantity obtained by it. In case of equity, a business could’ve to pay dividends to its shareholders from the revenues made by the company. Nonetheless, in case of equity, there’s no fixed obligation on the part of the company to pay dividends; shareholders could expect a capital recognition of their financial investments made in the business.

A high proportion of debt may indicate that the company needs to pay a considerable amount of interest on the amount of total financial obligation. Since, payment of interest is a fixed responsibility for the company, a higher composition of debt in company’s capital structure might show greater threat in comparison to equity. Irrespective of the level of revenues made by the company, interest will need to be paid by the business on the quantity of debt it holds in its balance sheet. A contrast of monetary leverage of business within the exact same industry can be made with the assistance of debt equity ratio.

To compute financial obligation to equity ratio, we need to understand the elements of debt and equity.

Components of Debt and Equity


Debt can further be set apart into long term debt and short term debt. A business’s balance sheet might include debentures, bonds, notes payables and so on. Various parts of financial obligation could be used by the analyst for determining financial obligation to equity ratio. For Instance, a specific analyst might consist of short-term debt in the calculation of financial obligation to equity ratio while another analyst might think about just term obligations of the company in the calculation of debt to equity ratio of the exact same company.


Shareholder’s equity typically comprises of share capital (equity and inclination), reserves (capital and income), and any quantity of gathered reserves or profits. It isn’t essential that a business has all these elements as a part of its equity. For Instance, some companies could like to raise cash only with issuance of common stock while various other companies might additionally raise cash through issuance of choice stock. It’s very important for the analyst to comprehend the objective behind the calculation of debt to equity ratio and select the components of debt and equity accordingly.

Calculation of Financial obligation to Equity Ratio

Debt to equity ratio is regularly calculated by dividing debt by equity appearing in the balance sheet of the business and is stood for by the following picture:

Debt to Equity Ratio = Debt/Shareholder’s Equity

Let’s understand the calculation of Debt to Equity ratio with the help of an example.

ABC Company has following figures for equity and financial obligation on the liabilities side of its balance slab.

Shareholder’s Equity: $ 12, 000
Long Term Debt: $ 36, 000

On the basis of figures discussed above, debt to equity ratio for the company would be 3 times (36, 000/12,000). A financial obligation to equity ratio of 3 times shows that business has utilized more of debt in funding its possessions.